An insight into Green/ Ecological Architecture and Natural building
It is the beginning of a view which incorporates an improved mindset regarding the relationship between construction and environment, the discovery of new forms and contents, as well as the claim that the art of construction is at a new phase which will without doubt change our lifestyle, always in accordance with the spirit of nature.
20th architecture begun as a manifestation of the industrial and technological era, but during the 90s it started to rapidly change in new era of information and ecology. Similarly, the end of the 20th century created many notable indications of environmental technologies and natural landscape transformed into an architecture iconography of the ecological era. The classical description of Le Corbusier of “machines to live in” used for multi-functional residence buildings, can also model the world, this way inter-connecting the wide and the new environment era. Frank Lloyd Wright was a symbol of the biggest resistance and a rare innovator, works of whom shaped the basic principles of architecture harmonization with context. This impressive genius can also be considered as a predictor of the environmentalist movement since the very beginning of the 20th century, long before the word “Ecology” was commonly used.
One of the biggest problems which the environmental architecture faces, besides the lack of a strong attitude of the society, is the professional selection of overstressing technological advantageous and understating the social and aesthetic aspect. Generally, the categories that characterize eco-friendly architecture can be defined as follows:
– Merging architecture in landscape,
– Combination or link of the object with the garden space or the environment.
– Use of nature symbolism to create relations between architecture and its cultural context.
– Environmental technology studies which create ecologically a responsible and sustainable architecture basis.
– Environmental design and construction techniques that support the acceptance of the new “green architecture” and integrating objects in the context.
– Longsighted architectural and urban planning ideas which give an imagination of the future, based on general social and political changes which may influence construction art and environmental policy, etc.
We need to redefine what pure nature is and what man-made-nature is. Japan, for instance, is a place where a tree exists because it was planted by humans, or because someone decided not to remove it from the place where it was. Such a definition would have to include not only the creation of green and public spaces, but also in the creation of a suitable architecture that can be considered as man-made-nature. Emilio Ambasz touches the essence of the green design and is viewed as the human custodian of nature maintenance. Humanity was always part of the basic ecologic structure, the architecture of which often ensured a basis for the survival of vegetation and animal life.
Among the basic factors in the reaction to the so-called ecological model, is to understand the capacity of nature as such that allows the building to be incorporated in it, instead of being removed from it.
As with all the “green” architects nowadays, the works of Peter Vetsch raise disturbing questions regarding what hope there is in slowing down the irresponsible mega-structures era, which endanger all the principles of the ecological era. The use of snake shapes, local materials and the merging of the structure in the pertinent topography, are as much a reflection of the ethical criteria as they are of aesthetical choice.
The view on green architecture begins with the approach to organic architecture, and it can be concluded that this architecture is not just a nostalgic style. It will always inspire and mesmerize, it is coming back nowadays as an international movement that brings together respect for nature and beauty, harmony of natural forms, trends and systems. As a wave, this new and enticing model is permeating the world; meanwhile it is transforming architecture and design of the 21st century. While science is looking deeper and deeper into the microscopic realm of the fabric of matter and is evermore discovering the miraculous structures, nature continues to surprise us and teach us about how we ought to construct/project more wisely and cleverly as well as more economically and ecologically.